Learn how to make oat flour at home with this simple tutorial. Save money by making homemade oat flour instead of buying store-bought, and improve texture & flavor in your favorite recipe! It’s naturally gluten free, plus explore my tips for using an oat flour substitute in baking.
I’m always looking for ways small, practical ways to boost the nutrition of our meals at home.
Small substitutions like adding flax seeds to pancake batter or cottage cheese to smoothies can really make a difference over time!
Hands down though, my all-time favorite nutritional swap is using oat flour in place of all-purpose flour when baking.
Oats Flour Gluten Free
Not only does oat flour boost nutrition, but it is naturally gluten free. It also gives baked goods a moist, slightly chewy texture. Oat flour adds moisture to items like cookies and breads that tend to dry out in just a day or two.
Making oat flour doesn’t require any recipe rocket science to pull off successfully. It is super easy! It also keeps my budget down since I tend to keep rolled oats on hand.
Nutrition in Oats
There aren’t any nutrients hidden in oats. What manufacturers advertise on the label is pretty much what you get:
- Soluble Fiber. shortens the time in the intestinal tract to promote regularity, slows digestion to make you feel fuller longer, binds acids in the intestines to alleviate constipation, regulates blood sugar
- Protein. The same high quality as meat, milk, and eggs.
- Vitamins and Minerals. Vitamin B, Vitamin E, zinc, selenium, copper, iron, manganese, magnesium, phosphorus… These all help the immune system in addition to other bodily functions.
What’s surprising about the nutrition in oats is that you get ALL of this in just one ingredient.
Oats are pretty much a “superfood” thanks to the amazing combination of nutrients available. All the more reason to add them to cookies, don’t you think?
Oat Flour Recipe Ingredients
Yes, that’s all you need!
Notes On this Recipe for Oat Flour
Here’s a list of the most common types of oats:
- Steel Cut Oats – After harvesting, oats are separated from the husk in a large spinning machine. In the process, many oat groats are broken into small pieces. These small pieces of oat groats are steel-cut oats.
- Old Fashioned Oats – The steel-cut oats are sifted so that only larger oat groats remain. These are rolled in between large pins and flattened into rolled oats. The result is considered old fashioned oats.
- Rolled Oats – Old fashioned oats are steamed and lightly toasted to aid in the cooking process at home. These are called rolled oats.
- Quick Cooking Oats – These oats are cut into smaller pieces before being rolled, steamed and toasted. This process is again to aid in the cooking process at home.
- Instant Oatmeal – This is the Quaker maple and brown sugar I grew up with. The oats are pre-cooked at the factory and then dried, usually with flavoring and sweetener added before packaging.
To increase nutrition and eat as much real food as possible, aim for old fashioned oats at a minimum. Steel-cut oats have a higher level of nutrition because some of the bran (the outer protective shell) will still be intact. Oat flour from steel-cut oats is considered a whole grain flour.
Regardless of the type of oats you buy, homemade oat flour will always be more affordable than store-bought!
How to Make Oat Flour Step-By-Step
Step 1. Place oats in a high-speed blender or food processor.
Step 2. Blend or process on high until oats are finely ground.
Note: It’s helpful to know that two cups of oats yields approximately 1 3/4 cups of oat flour.
- One cycle on my Blendtec (about 50 seconds) gave me pretty decent flour. A second cycle gave me even finer powder. I prefer the finer flour for my baked goods.
- If your blender or food processor tends to heat up with use, allow the machine to cool in between cycles. This helps prevent the oats from sticking to each other and not grinding well enough.
- This flour is NOT as fine as typical all-purpose flour. It will be slightly grainier, and more like coarse cornmeal.
Cost of Oatmeal Flour
- Ten pounds of rolled oats run less than $10 from Costco, putting the price point at just under $1/lb. Compared to most other brands on Amazon, you’re saving 50% right off the bat by making it yourself!
- You can also find steel-cut and gluten-free oats. (Although oatmeal in and of itself is gluten-free, some oats may contain gluten from cross-contamination in processing.)
How to Use Oat Flour in Recipes
Gluten-free oat flour is the secret weapon for gluten-free families. Even if you’re not a gluten-free family, it helps to know how to substitute oat flour in baking recipes.
- Recipes that require rising: Bread recipes, biscuits and rolls require gluten in order to rise. Since oat flour doesn’t have gluten, it won’t help with rising or elasticity in any recipe. While you can’t substitute oat flour entirely in bread recipes, you CAN substitute 1/2-1 cup of oat flour in those recipes.
- Cookie and brownie recipes: substitute up to half the wheat flour with oat flour.
- Cake or pastry recipes: substitute only 1/4 of the flour for oat flour. Typically you’re looking for a fluffy rise in cakes or pastries. Too much oat flour will either cause the batter to be too dense or fall flat after baking.
- For all other recipes, like quick bread and muffins: start with 1/4-1/2 cup and see what happens! If you add too much the first time, your people might be leery of trying it again. You can always add more next time.
Recipes to Try
Here are a few of our favorite recipes that we most often use oat flour in – all tried and true:
- Zucchini Bread with Carrots & Apples
- Very Little Bother Oat Bread
- Maple Oatmeal Bread
- Vanishing Oatmeal Chocolate Chip Cookies
- Healthy Peanut Butter Oatmeal Cookies
- Double Chocolate Blender Waffles
- Cinnamon Oatmeal Blender Waffles
- 1/4 cup to any smoothie
- Banana Bread Muffins
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Watch How to Make Homemade Oat Flour
How to Make Oat Flour
Learn how to make oat flour at home with this simple tutorial. Save money by making homemade oat flour instead of buying store-bought, and improve texture & flavor in your favorite recipe! Plus tips for using an oat flour substitute in baking.
- Prep Time: 5 mins
- Cook Time: 0 mins
- Total Time: 5 mins
- Yield: approximately 1 3/4 cups of oat flour 1x
- Category: Kitchen Hacks + Tutorials
- Method: Blend
- Cuisine: American
- Two cups of oats*
- Place oats in a blender or food processor.
- Blend or process on high until oats are finely ground.
*Two cups of oats yields approximately 1 3/4 cups of oat flour.
To increase nutrition, aim for old fashioned oats at a minimum. Steel-cut oats have a higher level of nutrition because some of the bran (the outer protective shell) will still be intact. Oat flour from steel-cut oats is considered a whole grain flour.
- Serving Size: 1/4 cup
- Calories: 110
Keywords: Homemade oat flour
Hello. I can’t use oats. Do you think food processing quinoa flakes would give good results?
Kyare - Team Crumbs
Yes, but it wont be exactly like oat meal.
Need a substitute for oats which I can’t eat.
Kyare - Team Crumbs
Lucy, can you eat gluten or other flours?
Thanks for this fantastic article on making homemade oat flour. We love seeing new ideas and having new recipes at our fingertips. Keep up the great work!
Topher J. Mann
I’ve been making oat flour from Quaker 1 minute oats for a homemade condition recipe for my dog. I then sift out the kernels that just won’t pulverize because they add nothing to the conditioner. Wasn’t sure what to do with the little kernels. So I cooked them like oatmeal in whole milk with a little homemade ghee and toasted walnuts and bananas and either a little real maple syrup or local Hawaiian honey. It’s so delicious.
I’m wondering what that kernel piece is nutritionally and wether I’m better off getting steal cut? Or at least adding these kernels to steel cut. They’re too good.
Also I read somewhere that oat-flour manufacturing includes steaming the old fashioned oats before processing. Is that different from using Quaker quick cook oats? Mahalo.
Hi Topher! Grains consist of three parts, endosperm, bran and germ. The germ is at the core, the bran is on the outside and the endosperm is what’s white and fluffy (and makes up the bulk of the grain). Any hard parts from oats is likely the germ, and it’s a great source of nutrition! Definitely add them to your steel cut oats. If you’re going to make oat flour, it doesn’t really matter what type of oats you buy (although the more ‘whole’ they are to start with, the better). Quick cook oats are rolled oats that have been cut finely to make the cooking process quicker. If you’re looking for nutrition, always go for the most whole form possible, that will achieve what you’re trying to do!
I would like to substitute the oat flour for the all purpose in a sugar cookie recipe. So your saying use half of each or will the oat flour be ok not using any all purpose flour?
Hi Aimee! It’s always going to depend on the recipe. For sugar cookies, you don’t necessarily NEED the lift that AP flour gives, but if you use all oat flour they might be on the chewy side… which may be okay for you! If I were making them, I’d sub 1/4 of the recipe with oat flour, so I knew I wouldn’t drastically alter the texture of the finished cookie. If they came out okay, I’d try subbing 1/2 next time. You can always make a half batch of cookies to test!
I understand not substituting the whole about of all purpose flour with oat flour. Can I sub the whole amount if I’m making quick bread which doesn’t use yeast? Banana bread for example.
Maybe. You’ll have to play with each individual recipe LeAnna, but it’s not impossible.
I happen to have a grain mill and use whole oat groats in it. A grain mill will grind the flour however fine you want it. I also use popcorn in it to make corn flour – not English corn flour (cornstarch), but a flour that is finer than cornmeal. I can also change the setting and make it coarse like cornmeal.
I also grind beans in it and can make some “instant” refried beans in about 5 minutes. “Cream” of chicken soup that you wouldn’t know was beans instead of cream takes about 3 minutes.
Hope this helps someone.
thought i should mention about using oat flour for oatmeal baths from poison sumac, ivy, oak, and also chicken pox.
Thankyou for this post! I recently bought 10lbs of org rolled oats and thought, “How can I use these up?” You’ve given me a great idea and some new recipes to try 🙂 thanks again, Tiffany!
FYI – some of your information is not correct. I have an autoimmune disease and have three biggies that cause flares – gluten, dairy and soy. I cannot eat oats as they are highly contaminated. I wish I could because the best GF bread I ever made was with 100% oat flour. But it caused a horrible flare and all of the GI symptoms I used to get before I went gluten free. I haven’t tried the certified GF oats as they are expensive and 10% of celiacs react to oats even though they’re technically GF. I’m not willing to spend $6 for a tiny bag of oatmeal that I might not be able to eat anyway. Otherwise, you are absolutely spot on about oat flour. I loved it and was heartbroken when I had to give it up.
How are oats contaminated???
You can buy bulk organic oats should not be contaminated
I use oat flour(blended in a coffee grinder) for oat waffles and muffins(with whole oats mixed in.) I can’t tell you how refreshing it is to eat comfort food that you don’t have to feel guilty about.
I appreciate this blog. It encourages my family’s path on eating more whole, real food.
Thank you so much for the uplifting and kind comment!! I’m glad you enjoy the oat flour, and how awesome that you can make it in your coffee grinder! Good thinking!
I actually started doing this awhile back when you posted the Zucchini Apple Carrot Bread (which I always make as muffins). They sounded good but my daughter can’t have gluten, so I experimented with doing all oat flour. It worked pretty well, and I’ve done it in several other recipes as well, mostly successful. I grind up however many cups of oats the recipe calls for flour (so 2 cups if the recipe is 2 cups of flour), and then add an additional 1/4 cup of unground oats for each cup of ground. Hopefully that makes sense. It’s an easy way to do gluten free without buying special flours!
That does make sense, and how wonderful that it’s working as a direct substitution! Thanks for sharing this Katherine – I know other GF readers will find it helpful!
I already had a blog post scheduled about this when you posted this one. An oat flour recipe revamp of some muffins. If you’re interested…
Bonus- oat flour is basically baby oat cereal, so you can make instant baby oatmeal out of this. I used to do this for my son when he was starting solids because I could turn it into oatmeal without heating it up at all. It is significantly cheaper than those little boxes of infant oatmeal. You can also use baby oat cereal in place of oat flour if you end up with some via WIC or whatever.
Yes! What a great idea Tarynkay – thank you for sharing!!
Can’t wait to try this! Who knew? Hope my ninja can produce some decent oat flour. Not sure if I can use my wondermill?
I bet the Ninja will work just fine!
When you use oat flour in your oatmeal cookie recipe which calls for 1/2 whole wheat flour, 1/2 all purpose, do you use the oat flour in place of the whole wheat or replace 1/2 of each of the white and wheat with oat flour? I’m wondering too if I can run steel cut oats thru my nutrimill to make oat flour since I don’t have a very powerful blender? I had no idea oats were so nutritious, can’t wait to try this!
I replace the all-purpose with oats. Yes – you can run your steel cut oats through the nutrimill. It might take a few rounds, but it’ll work!
I use a blender or flour grinder or a ninja to grind the oats info flour.
My bread receipe: 9 cups flour 5 cups unbleached flour, bromated, maulted barley, 1 cup whole wheat, 2 cups oat flour, 1/2 cup graham flour 1/4 flax meal 3/4 barley flour
3 pkg yeast
3 cups water sometimes I use potato water
2 or 3 table spoons honey
1/4 cup olive oil
bake at 425 for approx 45 to 55 minutes